Map of the Known World c.1744
Double Hemisphere Map of the World, originally published in 1744 by Emanuel Bowen (1694–1767), an English map engraver who worked for George II of England and Louis XV of France as a geographer. Allegorical decorations showing 4 women in each corner of the map representing the continents. The east coast of Australia is unknown and New Zealand is largely incomplete. Northwest coast of North America is still incomplete above the Straits of Anian.
size: 54 cm x 32 cm
H 32 cm x W 54 cm
Early 18th century map of Australia, Southeast Asia and the Indian Ocean, originally from Valentyn’s Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indien, one of the earliest contemporary maps to report information drawn from the Dutch V.O.C. during the period. This excellent map details the Middle East, the Indian Ocean, the Far East, and much of Australia, based on careful compilation of the best available sources by the brilliant and entertaining Dutch chronicler, François Valentijn. The map features a fine depiction of the outlines of the western two-thirds of Australia, based on the discoveries of explorers working for the Dutch East India Company (the VOC). These include Willem Jansz’s discoveries in the Gulf of Carpentaria in 1606; the encounters of Dirk Hartog in 1616, the crew of the Leeuwin in 1622, Gerrit Frederiksz de Witt in 1627, and Pieter Nuyts in 1627, in Western Australia; and Jan Cartensz and Willem van Colster’s discoveries in Northern Australia in 1623. The Indonesian Archipelago is well-formed based on VOC knowledge, except that the shape of New Guinea still remains ambiguous. The Philippines are shown in the configuration utilized prior to the publication of Padre Pedro Murillo Velarde’s map in 1744. Continental Southeast Asia assumes a refined form, and includes the intelligence gathered by the French embassy to Siam, made shortly before Western contact with the kingdom was cut-off in 1688. Further north in Asia, the coasts of China are relatively well formed, based on Jesuit surveys, most notably those conducted by Martino Martini in the 1640s and 1650s. Korea is correctly shown as a peninsula, albeit of a somewhat nebulous form. Notably, Valentijn does not incorporate and was likely unaware of the groundbreaking surveys of China and Korea contained in the Chinese Kangxi Atlas (1718-9), which was yet to reach Europe. The southern main islands of Japan are relatively well formed, based on the charting of VOC mariners operating out of Nagasaki. The coasts of India, Arabia and Africa are conveyed in a progressive manner, based on extensive navigational experience and innumerable surveys conducted by the Portuguese and the Dutch. Notably, ‘I. St. Maria’ (St. Mary’s Island) on Madagascar was then the pirate capital of the World and a place to be avoided by ‘legitimate’ mariners. Notably, the map features highly advanced detail with respect to the interior of southern India, based on the work of the French Jesuit Jean-Venant Bouchet (1655-1732), who was the first European to extensively map the Deccan. In 1719, he sent a manuscript map to Paris, which was first published in 1722. Valentijn’s inclusion of this information is therefore quite early.
‘NIEUWE EN ZEER NAAUKEURIGE KAART VAN T EYLAND JAVA MAJOR OF GROOT JAVA’ (‘New and very accurate map of the island Java Major or Big Java’). This large size map of Java by Francois Valentyn was originally published in Amsterdam in the ‘Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indien’ between 1724 and 1726. The original map of Java consisted of 7 separate maps which featured in the book ‘Beschrijvingen van Groot Djava of te Java Major’ (‘Descriptions of Big Java or Java Major’). From west to east the map shows ‘T Koninkrijk Bantam (the Kingdom of Bantam), ‘T Koninkrijk Jakarta, ‘T Koninkrijk Tsjeribon, De Landen van Mataram (The Countries of Mataram), De Landen van Panaraga , Kadoenwang (The countries of Panaraga, Kadoenwang), ‘t Eyland Madura, ‘t Prinsendom Soerabaja en Passaroewan (The Island Madura, the Princedom Soerabaja and Passaroewan) and ‘T Vorstendom of Landschap Balamboang (the Principality/Princedom or Landscape Balamboang). The map has soundings around the whole coastline of Java and a lot of information on land-use, topography and settlements in early 18th century Java.
This map consists of seven seperate sheets. The framed price includes luxury framing (inner frames around the individual sheets, cloth and a large frame).
Size images: 26 cm x 46 xm (7x)
Decorative world map by the great French cartographer Guillaume Delisle (1675-1726), one of the key figures in the development of French cartography who believed passionately in the importance of accuracy. This twin-hemispheric map was originally published by Delisle in 1724 in his “Atlas Nouveau”.The map shows the routes of a number of the world’s major explorers: Magellan (1520), Le Maire (1615), St. Louis (1708), Halley (1700), Mendana (1595), St. Antoine (1710), Tasman (1642) and Quiroz (1605).
Size image: 64 cm x 44 cm
Decorative Mid-18th century large German map of Batavia by Johann Baptist Homann and originally published in the Homannischer Atlas around 1747. The plan shows the city and its immediate environs, the surrounding rice fields intersected by a network of waterways, canals and outlying fortifications. A detailed lettered key identifies the buildings and sites of importance of this capital and administrative centre of the Dutch East Indies. Inset views depict the city, Rathaus and the castle, whilst below there is a full-length black and white panorama of the city from the sea embellished on each side by portraits of native Javanese figures and exotic wildlife including a leopard and a cayman.
size image: 47 cm x 40 cm