Map of Maluku ‘Amboina’ c.1724
Valentijn was born in 1666 in Holland, and was employed by the Dutch V.O.C. (East India Company) at the age of 19, where he served as Minister to the East Indies, notably in Ambon, in the Maluku Archipelago. In total, Valentijn lived in the East Indies for 16 years. After he returned to Holland he wrote his Oud en Nieuw Oost-Indien (1724–26) a massive work of five parts published in eight volumes and containing over one thousand illustrations and including some of the most accurate maps of the Indies of the time. Valentijn probably had access to the V.O.C.’s archive of maps and geographic secrets which they had always guarded jealously, and was fortunate to have seen his work published, as the V.O.C. strictly enforced a policy prohibiting former employees from publishing anything about the region or their colonial administration.
W 79 x H 32
This highly decorative map was originally published in 1596 by Jan Huygen van Linschoten in his ‘Itinerario’. Linschoten acquired most of the information for the map while serving as the secretary to the Portuguese archbishop in Goa (India) from 1583 to 1589. This map contributed to the end of the Portugese monopoly is the East Indies and opened up the route to the spice islands the Dutch. The map includes a tremendously detailed treatment of the region, displaying a marvelous blend of mythical cartographic detail and contemporary Portugese knowledge in the region. Linschoten also depicts information from the travel account of Marco Polo, including the location of the mythical land of ‘Beach provincia auriferain’ the region where Australia would eventually be discovered. On the mainland the four large lakes in the interior are based on Chinese legend. Korea is shown as a large circular island and Japan is shaped as a shrimp.
Size: 48 cm x 36 cm
Decorative map of the modern world, originaly published in Munster’s 1550 edition of Cosmographia. This is the first map to name the Pacific Ocean (Mare Pacificum). Munster is non-committal about the continuity of the only recently discovered North and South America, an unbroken Central America being implied but not clearly shown. All of North America is called Terra Florida and the west coast of America appears on the right side of the map. Though unnamed, Terra Australis is present but small. Munster adds further to the confusion over Taprobana (Ceylon or Sumatra), depicting a Sumatra-shaped Taprobana on the west side of the Indian sub-continent, and Java in position of Ceylon (Sri Lanka) off the southeast coast of India. In Africa, the legendary mountains of the moon are shown as the origin of the Nile.
Size image: 39 cm x 27 cm
Decorative double-hemisphere map of the world, originally published by the French geograpfher Pierre Duval (1618–1683). The representation of Australia (Nouvelle Holande) is depicted in an unusual and less accurate form. In North America, California is shown as an island, and the Great Lakes are open-ended towards the west. A large Terre de Iesso spans nearly the entire North Pacific. In South America, the mythical Lac Parime and Lac Xaraies still appear. Duval also depicts a massive southern continent, which is nearly attached to Nouvelle Zelande and is labeled Terre de Quir. Surrounding the hemispheres are diagrams showing the planetary orbits and the ancient and modern names of the winds, as well as a terrestrial globe and an armillary sphere.
size image: 60 cm x 34 cm